Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu on Tuesday said 54 per cent of the area of Haryana, 50 per cent of Punjab and the entire Himachal Pradesh was earthquake-prone.
Naidu said this while releasing the earthquake hazard zoning map here.
Chandigarh falls in the fourth seismic zone.
The map was jointly prepared by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC).
The minister said that from the map, it could be seen that about 50 per cent area in north Punjab, comprising Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Patiala and Rupnagar districts is zone 4 liable to MSK intensity 8 and about 45 per cent in zone 3 could have intensity 7.
The minister said the north and east areas of Haryana, comprising Ambala, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sonepat and Yamunanagar districts, were liable to MSK (Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik) intensity 8 and 34.3 per cent could have intensity 7. An earthquake of M 6.5 occurred in Gurgaon district in 1720; another of M 6.0 in Faridabad district in 1960.
Chandigarh was placed in seismic zone 4, which was referred to as the high damage risk zone with probable maximum intensity of MSK 8, the minister said.
According to the Earthquake Hazard Zoning Map, the entire state of Himachal Pradesh is prone to severe earthquake hazard. In 1905, an earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale had killed 20,000 people in the state. Kangra and Dharmsala were razed to the ground.
-Tribune News service